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Native Seed Listing
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

NATIVE SEEDS PROJECT LISTING

Please keep in mind that most of these varieties are very close to the hearts of the Native American people who have maintained them. They are sacred plants. We offer these seeds to you in the hope that you will have a hand in preserving them, respecting them and enjoying them. We sell this seed because we need to help support our own efforts to conserve these plants.

         Seed packets are 3.00 each unless otherwise noted

* RARE
Hard to find, occasionally available elsewhere
**VERY RARE
Grown by relatively few individuals and seed banks
***ENDANGERED
Grown by so few people that it is presently in danger of extinction

Bean, Pole

Indian Hannah/Lenape Cutshort An extremely rare small bean somewhat squarish; with small cutshort pods. Collected on the site of the former residence of Indian Hannah. Not completely stabilized. $6.00

Kahnawake Pole #2 Medium size tan striped horticultural type bean. Endangered. $4.00

Seneca Pinto A traditional Seneca variety climbing five feet or more, with heavy yields of pinto like beans. Relatively early maturing of this type. Rarely if ever still grown by the Seneca people. Endangered. $4.00

Bean,Dry

Deseronto Potato Bean A very rare all white "potato" bean from Tyendinaga reserve in Canada. Medium yields. Endangered. $4.00

Duane Baptiste Potato Bean Old Six Nations bean traditionally used as a thickener in Native Canadian corn soup. Large white bean with potato flavour, highly adaptable, germinates well, producing consistently high yields even in cool weather. Excellent flavour baked – do not soak as this toughens the skin. $4.00

Iroquois Brown Very limited quantity A small brown mottled bean which our source indicates is of Iroquois origin, resembles beans known to have been at Onondaga but for which we have little information. Endangered. $4.00

Iroquois Cranberry Very limited quantity A dark red mottled bean from Six-Nations Reserve in Canada. These beans are used in traditional corn bread and bear quite well but we have very limited seed stock. Rare to endangered. $5.00

Onondaga Kidney Similar or identical to Seneca Kidney but from a very different source. Light pink. Endangered. $4.00

Speckled An Algonquian bean from the upper midwest, white mottled with red. Offered by 0 of 255 seed companies. Rare to very rare.$4.00


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Corn Zea mays

Seneca Blue Bear potentially unavailable list substitution as well

Delaware Blue Corn (Sehsapsing)
A rare Algonquian dark blue corn from the Oklahoma Delaware. Believed to have been originally brought from the Northeast, probably Pennsylvania, and thus of Lenape origin, which is highly likely. May be ground for corn meal. $6.00

Deleware Star

Delaware White Corn (Puhwem) Produces medium size ears of all white relatively soft kernels, on tall sturdy stalks. Most or all stock was brought out to Oklahoma and bears particulary late--this stock may be a little earlier blooming. Originally must have been native to the southern and warmer portions of the Delaware territory such as non mountainous areas of southern Hudson Valley, New Jersey, PA etc. You need at least a warm zone 5 to grow this successfully, preferably zone 6. Offered by 0 of 255 seed companies. $5.00

Ganondagon Flint

Gaspe Flint Dwarf Micmac variety of corn from the Gaspe peninsula of Quebec. Golden yellow ears mature early, ideal cultivar for short season areas. A variety of New England Indian corn was described as a 60 day corn in the 17th century and its occurrence on the Gaspe may represent a remnant from then, wherein the rest of New England lost this cultivar. Very rare. $4.00 temporarily out of stock please list acceptable substitution as well if ordering

Hopi Blue Corn A southwestern corn that does well in the northeast. A multi-rowed flour corn that is very ancient and tolerant of dry conditions. Seeds can be planted deeper in the soil than other corn to allow plants to have access to soil moisture in times of drought. Used to make paper thin cerimonial pikimore than 800 years old.

Iroquois White Flour (Tuscarora) The most common corn grown by the Iroquois people today. Big white kernels, large ears, with terrific corn taste suitable for grinding. Makes excellent traditional Iroquois corn bread, and corn soup. May have been brought North by the Tuscarora in the 18th century. uncommon. $4.00

Longfellow Flint A big long classic New England flint corn with yellow
kernels. We actually have little information about this corn although it is a well known and old variety in southern New England and is believed to have been associated with Native Americans and was undoubtedly at least descended from indian corn $4.00

Mohawk Round Nose A rare and distinctive flour corn, with short fat ears often rounded at the nose, sometimes pointed, long season. Closely associated with the Mohawk tribe. Makes delicious cornbread, soup and what have you $5.00

Narragansett White Cap This corn goes by many names and there are many closely related or identical New England variants. Very early descriptions of corn grown by the Naragansett Indians describe snow white kernels. If those are accurate then the corn was modified with time. The corn is an eight-row flint light beige in appearance. Corn expert Walt Galinat theorized the euro-colonial settlers selected for kernel color more reminiscent of wheat. It is the classic Johnnycake corn of Rhode Island and makes a fluffy white corn meal. $4.00

Seneca Blue Bear A variety claimed by at least both the Seneca and Onondaga. A beautiful medium to deep blue 6-8 inch ear with some white kernels, some ears with a lot of white kernels, somewhat soft flint. This variety is fairly early making it adaptable to some of the more northern reaches of our climate. An excellent corn. $5.00


Seneca Hominy A hard flint with pearly white and an occasional red or blue kernels scattered in the ear. This stock from Nettie Watt, a deceased elder at the former Cornplanter Reservation on the Pennsylvania-New York border. Endangered. Offered by 0 of 255 seed companies. $5.00

Six Nations Calico A gorgeous eight rowed multicolored traditional Iroquois corn, with some kernel striping from Six Nations Reserve in Canada. Endangered. Please note--this is not fresh seed you will get lowered germination on this corn but sufficient to produce a stand --if that bothers you then please wait until next year.$5.00 very limited ...please state substitution as well

Tonawanda Calico Flour Medium size flour- flint, reddish purple with frequent intersperal of white kernels, some ears occaisionally ears with mixing of other colors. Endangered. $5.00

 

Squash
Cucurbita pepo

Indian or Oblong (Long Pie) Considered by some to be a Maine heirloom. Supposed to have originated on the Isle of St. George in the Azores, then came to Nantucket on a whaling ship in 1832. It was first known as the Nantucket pumpkin as it migrated north into Maine. Bears a lot of similarity to Golden Oblong introduced by Burpee's in 1889, but that variety appears to be bigger, perhaps a selection of this. Seems that it must have originated closer to the Americas but who knows. Some information we have indicates recognition by a couple of Northeastern tribes. Long, relatively small 3-6 lbs., will not fully ripen orange until many weeks or even months after its been picked. To develop color bring into a warm place for a few weeks. Our variety may differ slightly from the one offered by Fedco but basically appears to be identical. Rare to uncommon.

Mandan Traditional squash of the Mandan Indians introduced in 1912 by the Oscar Will Seed Company. Summer squash type forming four to five inch oblate fruit, white skin with green stripes and flecks, somewhat warty surface, good flavor, very pretty. Mature fruit slightly bigger with a thick shell. Rare to very rare.

Omaha Indian This seed was originally collected by Dr. Melvin Gilmore from the Omaha Indians, selected and introduced by the Oscar Will Company in 1924 and seed purchased from that company in the 1940's and kept isolated until recently. Pumpkins are small to medium from 2-10 pounds, typically 3-4 pounds, oval, occasionally a more squat type, consistently medium orange in color, variable particularly in size. These differ in size and color from the selection offered by Oscar Will. We suspect they may have reverted to a type more representational of those being grown by the Omaha at that time but have no evidence as of yet to back up that claim. Rare to very rare.

Sacred Tobacco Nicotiana rustica

This is truly a sacred plant of Native Americans. We ask that you admire these plants but please do not smoke them or attempt to use them ceremonially unless you are Native American. Nicotine content is extraordinarily high. While many of the varieties of sacred tobacco are similar or identical there are definate differences amongst some of them. For Native Americans interested in education about the dangers of tobacco misuse, or about growing and preserving tobacco please contact us about the Traditional Native American Tobacco Seed Bank and Education Program (TNAT). Single packets of one variety will be given to Native Americans upon request. We ask that you please include $2.00 for postage and packaging.

Cornplanter From the now destroyed Cornplanter (Seneca-Iroquois) reservation on the PA/NY border. This variety comes from an herbarium collection in 1915, regrown in 1930, and germinated after 60+ years, recently "rediscovered" Very rare. $4.00

Wyandot Variety from the upper midwest. Very rare. $4.00


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Sunflower Helianthus annuus

For seed saving sunflowers must be isolated by at least 1500 feet, preferably more, or hand pollinated.

Arikara Originally from The Arikara tribe of the Northern Plains. 6-10 inch head up to 12 foot stem Yellow blooms . Multi color black, white and streaked seeds.

Havasupai A traditional southwestern sunflower grown in "waffle" gardens by the Havasupai tribe who live in the Grand Canyon. Tall growing with a large central head and with some smaller auxiliary heads. This was the only variety tested by a researcher Tom Gulya, who found it resistant to rust, proving that you never know when valuable genes may be imperiled. On a visit to the reservation in the 1990's the Director of ENSC found no evidence of the sunflower being grown that y

Mandan Moves Slowly was the last of the traditional Mandan corn priests, he died about 1907. . His daughter, Scattered Corn, inherited his medicine bundle, who passed it on to her daughter, Otter Sage. Alfred Bowers was an anthropologist conducting his fieldwork on the Ft. Bert hold Reservation in the 1930's. He received the seed of this sunflower from Otter Sage upon the opening of Moves Slowly's medicine bundle in the1930's. He grew it for years in Idaho. He then presented the seed to Erik Holland who at that time was a seasonal interpreter at the Knife River Indian Villages who passed it on to Dr Fred Schneider in the 1980's. A very important sunflower with an amazing lineage and story. Medium size central head with many smaller heads. Need we say it? Rare

Seneca A tall growing sunflower with a medium large central head, and occasional smaller branching heads, with small seed in mixed colors. This seed originally collected by Arthur Parker, given to Charles Heiser, and then nearly lost by the USDA. No longer cultivated by the Seneca, it is fairly rare.


          Seed packets are 3.00 each unless otherwise noted



EASTERN NATIVE SEED CONSERVANCY
P.O. Box 451
Great Barrington, Massachusetts 01230
413.229.8316
natseeds@aol.com