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Diversity Seed Listings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Seed packets are 3.00 each unless otherwise noted

 

* RARE
Hard to find, occasionally available elsewhere
**VERY RARE
Grown by relatively few individuals and seed banks
***ENDANGERED
Grown by so few people that it is presently in danger of extinction

Amaranth

Tunisian    Native to North Africa, this variety can reach 5 to 6'. It has brilliant red stalks with bronze green leaves and rose-red flowers in a raceme habit. It is used for dyeing. An absolute gorgeous backdrop to any garden

Beans Phaselous vulgaris

Beans are mostly self pollinating so you only need to separate by 20 to 30 feet., Although closer plantings are acceptable.. Pole beans can be separated further. Crossing often shows up in the seed so you can figure out which varieties need more separation.

Pole
Granny Richmond A pole bean producing small black striped tan/brown seed. From a woman in western, MA whose family had grown them on the former family farm in Wilbraham, MA since at least the 1870's. Can't prove it but have a distinctly Native American look to them. Very rare.

Corn Zea mays

Bloody Butcher An heirloom southern dent corn originally fom Virginia. Stalks can grow up to 12 feet tall. Late to mature (120 days). The kernal are red occasionally throwing a pure white ear. The immature ears can be picked early for roasting ears, or when ears are fully developed this corn makes good corn meal, grits, or hominy. Our seed is organically grown by the Sterkens in IA. They feel this is a superior animal feed variety being preferred by their cattle, swine, and poultry over hybrid corn. Uncommon.

Cucumber Cucumis sativus

For seed saving you can only plant one variety of cucumber on a given site. Without hand pollination.

Aunt Rita’s Monastery Originating in a monastery, from Aunt Rita, a very old Russian pickling cucumber. Rare to endangered (at least in this country ). The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Early Green Cluster A very old variety first mentioned in the seed list of Mawe and Abercrombie in 1778. Pickling type, relatively short fruits. Rare.

Early Prolific Short Green/Green Prolific/ Early Frame. McMahon included this variety in his Gardener's Catalog in 1806. This is not Short Green Prickly which may have been the prototype for this--it is considerably longer than that and perhaps a bit longer than the original Early Prolific Short Green but otherwise seems correct. Aptly named for it is prolific, 6-8 inches, fairly plump. Makes awesome pickles and never seems to get bitter. Try some.

Early Russian A classic heirloom pickling cucumber introduced in 1854 from Europe, presumably Russia. Good for fresh eating as well. Small, mild taste, non-bitter, productive and bearing well throughout the season, early--although bearing a bit later than some hybrids. Rare.

Early White Spine (Short Prickly/White Spine) Listed by McMahon in 1806 and Thorburn in 1824, this particular cucumber probably represents a similar but not exact representation of these early types. Many strains were selected in the 19th century. 8-10 inch pickling cucumber, with good yields and taste.

Japanese Climbing Cucumber Listed by Thorburn in 1892 and introduced from Japan around that time. Strong grasping tendrils make these ideal for putting on trellises, hence the name. Fruits fairly shaped, somewhat long 6-8 inches. Rare.

Spring of Water A large and very tasty cucumber from Leningrad, Russia which makes excellent big tasty pickles. There is some variation within this variety, probably from being slightly crossed in Russia, so there are some slicing types present as well. Rare to endangered (at least in this country). The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety. $4.00


Dill Anethema graveolens

Russian Dill We assigned this name because we lost the Russian original. One of dozens of varieties maintained or formerly maintained by the Vavilov Institute in Russia. What can we say--it's dill--performs well-tastes good and its very unlikely anyone else in your town or state has this variety. Be the first.

Eggplant

Red Ruffles Also known as Hmong Red . Size and shape of small tomato, Fruit is slightly flattened with orange and red coloration. Originally introduced in 19th century as an ornamental but is great for eating as well.

Ground Cherry Physalis pruinosa/pubescens

Too little is known about the ability of these to cross pollinate--if you want to be safe plant only one variety Ground cherries used to be known as winter cherries and were quite popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Plants were harvested before a heavy frost and hung up in a cool protected place where some of the fruits would continue to ripen while the rest would stay ripe without rotting. Hence the name winter cherry. Alternatively picked and refrigerated these keep well into November. These are small 1/2 inch fruits--yellow to orange --surrounded by a "papery" husk or lantern, members of the Solanaceae, the family which brings you tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, eggplants and tomatillos which these resemble to some degree. These types of ground cherries were known by the late 18th century, mentioned by Mawe in 1779. They are simply delicious when eaten fresh with strong hints of tropical fruitiness. They are great dipped in chocolate. These are not the Cape Gooseberry which are more tropical, and barely yield any fruit in the Northeast.

New Hanover Fruit is more yellow in color and is an old variety that according to William Woys Weaver came from Katie Slonaker's farm in New Hanover, PA. (died 1983) Rare to very rare

Kale

Dwarf Scotch Curled Popular blue green curled leaf. From a volunteer at the ENSC gardens. May have some offtypes in its genes.

Lettuce Lactuca sativa

Heirloom mix As the name says a mixture of the below named varieties. Take a chance..spin the wheel of colors and textures. Great for mesclun salads. All heirloom.

Mescher Green with red blotches, a savoyed bibb type lettuce, produces small loose heads. An heirloom of great eating quality.

Red A nice reddish bibb but a cool weather lettuce that does not tolerate much heat. Rare.

Red Deer Tongue A wonderful buttery leaf lettuce with blunt pointed "tongue" leaves tinged with red. An heirloom with great taste. Uncommon.

Muskmelon Cucumis melo

For seed saving you can only plant one variety of melon on a given site.

Ananas D”Amerique A Chair Verte This historic heirloom was grown by Thomas Jefferson in 1794. It was offered commercially in the USA in 1824, and it was illustrated in color in France in 1854 in the Vilmorin Album. This wonderful variety has become very rare. The fruit have netted skin and light green flesh that is firm, sweet, and highly perfumed. Very productive plants can be trained up a trellis

Green Nutmeg 83 days. Fearing Burr said in 1863, “The Nutmeg Melon has long been in cultivation, and is almost everywhere to be found in the vegetable garden... It is of most delicious excellence... one of the best.” It is a medium size green fleshed melon, that has a heavy netted skin, rich, sweet, delicious flesh, heavy aroma.

Anne Arundel Small to medium green-fleshed melon changing to pinkish near the seed cavity with a pale yellow skin. A very old heirloom, pre-1800, from Anne Arundel County, Maryland. This version from the Schramm family of Pasadena, MD. Commercially introduced in 1890. Not as sweet as modern hybrids but darn good eatin'. Rare to very rare. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Rocky Ford This melon was introduced in the 1880's descended from Nutmeg melon. Fruit ranges from l-3 lbs., netted with slight ribs, with sweet aromatic green flesh with a cold lining around the seed cavity. Originally called Burpee's Netted Gem and extensively planted in the Colorado Rockies. Melons from this area became known as Rocky Fords. The original types were more oblong and less netted than these but dozens of strains (at least 80 varietal names) used to exist, crossing and selection likely occurred. Uncommon.

Pea

American Wonder First Referenced In 1898 Compact Growth and height 3/4 ft. It produces white flowers and 10" bush-like vines. It is a great pea for the small backyard garden and one of the finest in flavor
Kelvedon Wonder Popular, dwarf variety suitable for late crops too. A prolific cropper of well-filled dark green pointed pods. Kelvedon Wonder will grow to a height of approximately 45cm/18in.

Prince Albert In the middle of the nineteenth century, 'Prince Albert' was the most popular of all the varieties of English Pea in the United States. It was grown in England before 1837 and introduced into the United States in 1845.
Purple Pod Tall Climbing Vine With Beautiful Eatable Purple Pods


Pepper Capsicum annuum

Peppers are mostly self pollinating but can cross pollinate therefore you should separate varieties by a long distance, couple of hundred feet or ideally cage them with reemay which will also protect from early frosts, or specialized screening.

Hot Pepper

Buist's Yellow Cayenne A long yellow generally pointed, fairly hot, cayenne pepper, accurate to the description in Buist's seed company catalog from Philadelphia. Excellent taste highly productive, makes a delicious burnt orange colored hot sauce.

Fish 2 inch very hot green-white striped to red fruits; very productive; plants very attractive with white-green mottled leaves; could make a good border plant as well. William Weaver says this pepper was raised by the African American community in the mid-Atlantic states by 1900. The unripe pods are white, and maintain this color upon drying and were extensively used to spice cream sauces, particularly with shellfish.

Korean 3/4 inch long by 3/4 inch wide; fruit matures from creamy white to yellow to orange to red; upright pods

Maule's Red Hot (aka Maule's New Red Hot Pepper/Ladyfinger Pepper) A long cayenne type pepper, tapering, productive in Northern climates, excellent yields and good flavor introduced sometime before 1912, by Maule's seed company, Philadelphia who wrote "in great demand in all our Eastern cities frequently shipped in car lots..." Midseason, makes great hot sauce. Very rare.

Red Heinkel Hatz Traditional pre-1880 Pennsylvania Dutch variety. It has been said that the fruits resemble the shape of a chicken heart. Rare

Yellow Heinkel Hatz same as above but seeds have been selected for a yellow variation. May get some red fruit as well.

Sweet Pepper

Bulgarian #5 Somewhat long pointed, delicious and sweet, good yields, does well in the North, from a market in Bulgaria. Rare to very rare.

Chinese Giant Introduced in 1900 by W. Atlees Burpee. One of the first sweet bell types size up to 6" x 4-5"
Neopolitan very large sweet pepper, great producer.

Weiber Krim. Medium to small size sweet Hungarian (paprika?) pepper more or less three lobed and tapering, good yields, very good taste, serves up a great pepper paste or roasted pepers. Strongly recommended.

Radish

Purple Olive Shaped   Pre 1760 heirloom    From Small   olive to large plum sized.   Purple oblong mild roots

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Sorghum Sorghum bicolor

Broom Corm- really a sorghum, the seed stalks are stripped and made into brooms. This crop was once the basis of New England's cottage industry of broom making. Uncommon. Offered by 16 of 255 seed companies.

Squash


For seed saving remember you can only plant one variety of each species, otherwise you must hand pollinate. Squash of the same species cross pollinate very easily.
Roasted Squash
Precise quantities are not critical to this dish, you can make a lot or a little.
Preheat oven to 450 degrees
Seed and peel squash about 6 cups 2 -3 cups red wine (not cooking wine something better, Haut Brion works fine, anything but Mogen David. Port is good too.)
1 cup water
1/2 teaspoon salt
Cut into cubes, about one inch
Put into large roasting pan
cover with liquid and add salt
Cook about one to one and a half hours until squash is soft and brown around the edges
Toss the squash a couple of times while cooking, and keep some liquid in the pan by adding more wine or water.
Don't let the liquid run out until the squash is almost done cooking.
Puree in a food processor.
Salt to taste.
Alternatively don't puree and serve as whole cubes.



species argyosperma (mixta)

Illinois Cushaw

Salem White A relatively large all cream colored with a crooked neck and bulbous blossom end. Very attractive for displays. We know little about the origination of this variety, (or at least how it got its name) Please see White Jonathan. Rare.

White Jonathan (White Cushaw, Jonathan) Introduced by 1891 by Livingston and in 1893 by Johnson and Stokes, but possibly older. Similar if not identical to Salem White. Different taste from other squashes. Uncommon to common.

Winter Vining Somewhat crookneck type, some straight, white-green stripes. Rare species maxima Very Limited Quantity

Essex Hybrid Aaron Low of Essex Mass, in passing a field of American Turban squashes noticed a vine with different. squash - evidently a cross between Turban and Hubbard. It was introduced in 1883. Fruit is 8-12 lbs., drum-like shape, deep orange color w/apricot-colored stripes, with good quality flesh. Rare to very rare. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Smooth Green Hubbard This differs very slightly from the 19th century True Green Hubbard the predecessor to the Blue Hubbard because it has a somewhat (and sometimes debatedly) smoother skin. True Green was a Massachusetts introduction in 1857 by the Gregory Seed Company of Marblehead, MA, possibly brought in by a sea captain to Boston or elsewhere around 1798. This may represent an early selection from the True Green or was it the other way around? A beautiful, tasty squash with long vines, green fruits tapering at both ends, weighing 8 - 12 lbs., thick orange-yellow flesh, with long keeping qualities. Makes a great squash soup and delicious roasted squash. See recipe below. This year for the first time we got some all blue skin colored fruits and you may too. Rare.

Warren (Red Warren Turban) Introduced in 1890 by James Gregory, Marblehead, MA. Discovered in a field of Essex Hybrid in 1897. Orange fruits, drum like, but somewhat turban like in shape with a prominent pale pink acorn. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

species moschata

Canada Crookneck A rare and much neglected squash--fruit small, 10-12 inches long with a thin straight to crooked neck, expanding to about five inches at the seed cavity. Flesh reddish orange. First listed by Hovey in 1834 and Thorburn in 1840. If you like butternut you'll now know what you have been missing--absolutely delicious eating, makes terrific soup and all else, edible skin. Rarity and low seed yield accounts for the price for which we won't apologize.The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety. $5.00

Long Island Milk Pumpkin From eastern Long Island, NY. Similar to other tan cheese pumpkins, tan rounded and flattened like old time rounds of cheese, excellent eating, range from 10-20 pounds. This variety has minute traces of white on the skin which differs from other types we have seen. Cheese squashes were first listed in America in 1815, but was depicted much earlier in a painting by Lucas Van Valkenborch (C. 1530-1597)

species pepo

Indian or Oblong (Long Pie) Considered by some to be a Maine heirloom. Supposed to have originated on the Isle of St. George in the Azores, then came to Nantucket on a whaling ship in 1832. It was first known as the Nantucket pumpkin as it migrated north into Maine. (thank you Fedco) Bears a lot of similarity to Golden Oblong introduced by Burpee's in 1889, but that variety appears to be bigger, perhaps a selection of this. Seems that it must have originated closer to the Americas but who knows. Long, relatively small 3-6 lbs., will not fully ripen orange until many weeks or even months after its been picked. To develop color bring into a warm place for a few weeks. Our variety may differ slightly from the one offered by Fedco but basically appears to be identical. Rare to uncommon.

 

Omaha Indian This seed was originally collected by Dr. Melvin Gilmore from the Omaha Indians, selected and introduced by the Oscar Will Company in 1924 and seed purchased from that company in the 1940's and kept isolated until recently. Pumpkins are small to medium from 2-10 pounds, typically 3-4 pounds, oval, occasionally a more squat type, consistently medium orange in color, variable particularly in size. These differ in size and color from the selection offered by Oscar Will. We suspect they may have reverted to a type more representational of those being grown by the Omaha at that time but have no evidence as of yet to back up that claim. Rare to very rare.

Paydon Heirloom Acorn, Winter Squash (Not currently available) An easy to grow heirloom acorn squash with beige skin. This old time variety seems to have traveled from France to Louisiana, to Ohio to Bosc, Illinois where it was grown from the 1860's and finally to Iowa. Endangered! Offered by 0 of 255 U.S. seed companies. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.


Tobacco Nicotiana tabacum

Orinoco White Stem Grow yer own. A 19th century heirloom, before 1860, can grow unpruned to ten feet or more, big leaves, massive plants, beautiful pink flowers, makes an interesting ornamental, produces nice smelling cured tobacco but we don't smoke so can't comment on its qualities. Rare.

We have been asked numerous times how to cure tobacco for smoking. We refer you to our publication #2804 "Home Curing of Tobacco for the Modern Housewife" and publication #2270 "Avoiding State and Federal Tax Revenue Collection through Homestead Cultivation and Processing of Tobacco." Unfortunately both publications are long out of print but we will quickly summarize the simple principle behind getting that old brown gold. For the best leaf growth pinch back the flowers from the plant during the growing season, plant in fertile soil or fertilize well, but preferably not with artificial fertilizers. Pick nice leaves before they start to yellow. They can be tied together in small bunches with twine, make sure you tie them firmly. Hang in a dark warm (not hot) or somewhat cool place--like a room in a barn, small shed, basement, garage, large closet. The real trick to curing tobacco is to cure it slow. In order to do that you want to keep it almost as moist as possible but not so moist that it molds, or put another way you want to keep it slowly drying but not so slow that it molds but neither dries so fast that dries green. Now you may find you have the prefect conditions, but more likely very imperfect ones. If you have got a slightly moist place that can be aired out on cloudy days and kept tightly closed on dry sunny days you will probably do quite well. Places like hot dry sheds, attics, porches, wet basements will not work. If the tobacco starts to dry off too fast you can lightly mist it from a spray bottle and remoisten, or better yet rehumidify the room witha humidifier--not ideal but its better than smoking green tobacco. Mold is your worst enemy but dried out leaf is not far behind. Gradually the tobacco will turn golden brown to dark brown depending on conditions, variety and so forth. It will take a few weeks or longer--it does not happen fast. You must have patience. It really is an art.

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Tomato Lycopersicon lycopersicum

Tomatoes are largely self pollinating so if you separate varieties by 10-50 feet you can plant several types in a large garden, and save seeds. However depending on your location tomatoes may cross pollinate more easily, and distances of 75 feet may still result in crossing in certain varieties.

American Beauty Indeterminant, large plants, good yield of beautiful medium sized red round fruits, believed to be from the 1st half of the 19th century. Rare.

Aunt Ruby's German Black A large cherry found amongst Aunt Ruby's German Green. This is not fully stabilized so you may get off-types, but has a great look, being one of the smallest black tomatoes we know of. Rare.

Aunt Ruby's German Black Cherry A large cherry found amongst Aunt Ruby's German Green. This is not fully stabilized so you may get off-types, but has a great look, being one of the smallest black tomatoes we know of. Very crack prone, we have been selecting for crack free but its got a way to go. Fantastic for the home garden Rare.

Aunt Ruby's German Green Medium green skin, with yellow tinge when ripe and amber blush on blossom end, green flesh. Superb spicy and sweet flavor, makes great sorbet. 12 oz.- 1 lb. Unique and Attractive. Heirloom from Ruby Arnold in Greenville, Tennessee. Uncommon.

Aunt Ruby's German Cherry We think destined to be a great tomato. A medium size green cherry tomato with the wonderful flavor of Aunt Ruby's the greater, and selected from it. Not fully stabilized but we thought it so good that you'd want to try it right now. Very rare.

Berkshire Oxheart Not a true oxheart but close, definitely an old variety brought to the Berkshires (Stockbridge) in the 1930's from Vermont by a now deceased woman. Rescued from the brink of extinction. Good quality. Endangered. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Berkshire Polish One of the best all around tomatoes we have grown in the last few years, useful for fresh eating as well as cooking. Vaguely paste shape. Originally from the Americas, thence Poland, settling in Berkshire County for at least a generation. Endangered. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Berner Rosen Indeterminate. Large round fruit has excellent flavor. Heavy producer needs staking. Looks to be one of the better pink tomatoes with good commercial applicability. 4-8 oz. Old Swiss variety.

Black Large, flattened, bronzy-purple-black with maroon, six to ten ounce, good interesting flavor and production.

Black Aisberg Very productive heirloom, possibly of Russian origin. Indeterminate growth habit, fruit black-red, round, 4-8 ounces, 3" in diameter. Uncommon to rare.

Black Ethiopian A medium sized plum or oval shaped tomato that has wonderful flavor and resists cracking. Plants are indeterminate with regular leaves. This variety probably originated in the Ukraine. Rare.

Black Early Lobed oblate 4-8 oz. tasty complex acid flavor dark green w/ black shoulders and reddish black with striping below

Black From Tula Russian heirloom, brown-black beefsteak type with a rich full flavor. Good yield, fruits 3-4" and slightly flattened. Uncommon to common.

Black Krim This variety produces a baseball size fruit that is deep red, almost black. The flavor is complex, with a sweet. rich taste. Russian heirloom, named for the island of Krim. Very early producer.

Black Pear Medium sized beautiful pear-shaped brown-black fruits with wonderful flavor. Plants have the potato leaf trait and are indeterminate. Rare.

Black Plum A plum tomato from Russia, small, prolific, with brown red purplish fruit, excellent for sauce or drying, just throw a few in a pan, they'll cook down in a half hour. Rare to uncommon.

Black Prince 2-4 oz fruits that are brown-black with terrific sweet flavor. From Irkutsk, Siberia. Fruits have green shoulder when ripe, regular leaves and indeterminate growth form. Uncommon.

Black Zebra Beautiful bi-colored w/ brown and green stripes, 1 1/2" dia. fruits, hints of smoke, sweet complex flavor, light producer

Blonde Kopfchen 1" diameter gold coloured fruit, prolific and delicious

Brandywine, Glick's Strain. Large fruit has rich sweet wonderful flavour. Potato leaf. Seed originally from Glicks Seed Co., Lancaster, PA who were one of the distributors that introduced the Brandywine variety.

Buckbee's Abe Lincoln Fairly good version of the classic Abe Lincoln
released by Buckbee Seed Company in Illinois around 1923. Medium size red fruit with good taste somewhat oblate

Buckbee's Beefsteak An excellent and rare 19th century variety with beautiful red, relatively meaty, medium-large fruits. Delicious. Very rare.

Burpee's Matchless Productive good-tasting classic heirloom with red fruit, from before 1912. Foliage not as rugose or dark as Austin's, and plants taller. Rare.

Buckbee's New 50 Day An old 19th century variety with productive fruits, 6-10 ounces, with very good old-fashioned tomato flavor. Very rare.

Cardinal (The Cardinal) 19th century variety, introduced by Burpee's in 1884, from a field of Acme tomato. Mid-season red tomato with 3" diameter fruits, productive and delicious, and of the great heirloom tomatoes. Our price exceeds Burpee's 1888 offering by just 30x. Very rare. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Cuidad Victoria Fruity wild taste of currants with solid tomato taste, sweet with acidity, seedy, rich, orange/red

Cuban Black Fruits are approximately 6 oz., flattened red-green. Rare.

Doublerich Indeterminant plant with small red fruits, supposed to have twice the normal amount of Vitamin C (hence the name). Uncommon.

Dr. Carolyn Selected from a sport of 'Galinas'. Named by Steve Draper in honor of Dr. Carolyn Male who first saved the seed. Pale yellow, cherry-sized fruits .

Early Large Red Classic bright red tomato known in France in the 18th century and in America in the 1840's, medium size fruit. Not particularly early, nor large, but certainly a good all-around cooking and eating tomato. Rare.

Ed's Fat Plum Large red plum type, fat and tapering with an occasional round variant. Fairly meaty with a tangy acid taste. Somewhat juicy. Selected by a Connecticut gardener for fatness for over 20 years. Great for sauce and drying. Endangered. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Enormous 8-10 oz. with good old-time taste, dependable producer. Maule's seed company introduced this in 1899, sending out trial seed packets under the name "Eight to the Yard." Bred by a Mr. Miesse. Not as big as Maule claims, or it's lost some girth over the last century. Very rare.

Esther Hess Yellow Cherry Similar to Golden Sunrise, yellow fruits, small slicing type 1-2 inches in diameter. Tangy flavor, heirloom. Rare.

Eva Purple Ball Beautiful pinkish-purple, round, uniform, medium size 6-8 oz. fruits with wonderful taste, very suitable for commercial culture. Supposedly a German heirloom, known in 19th century America. Rare to uncommon.

Fruity Orange A modern open-pollinated variety producing very tasty orange cherries with great yields.

Gandia Lyc ’77 Small red blocky fruit

Garden Peach (Yellow Peach) An old Massachusetts heirloom from 1862, introduced by the Gregory Seed Company of Marblehead. Yellow, small round fruits sometimes with a red blush and covered with fuzz, much like a peach. Very productive vines. Uncommon to rare.

Gold Nugget Early to bare, determinant, bright golden ping pong ball sized fruit. Prolific. An open pollinated variety developed by Dr. James Baggett of Oregon State University. Common

Grandfather Barnini’s Oxheart An oxheart shaped tomato brought from Italy and eventually to Pittsfield, MA

Grape Heirloom Small round to plum shaped bright red fruit borne in clusters of five or more. Indeterminate growth with regular leaves.

Green Gage This variety was mentioned as early as 1867, under the name Yellow Plum according to William Woys Weaver. Small pale yellow round fruit in clusters, fairly early, about 1-1/2 inches in diameter. Very rare. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Green Velvet Orange overlaid with green, or vice versa. Inside it is a beautiful lime green throughout. Very good flavor. Medium sized beefsteak

Green Zebra A wonderful small to medium sized green striped tomato bred by Tom Wagner in the 1970's for his company Tater Mater. This is not an heirloom, although various people have found ways of labeling it as such but it is open pollinated and has already become a classic. Common.

Grooso Rossso Nostral Slightly flattened, ruffled red color slightly acidic good eating and cooking, an old traditional type prbably dating to the early 19th century or earlier

Hasting’s Everbearing Scarlet Globe

Hawaiian A very vigorous and bushy plant, disease resistant, yielding lots of very small cherry tomatoes with excellent taste and production. A great small cherry.

Hawaiian Pineapple A large to very large 12 ounce to pound and a half
bicolor tomato, juicy with mild taste

Hssaio Hungshih A very prolific and distinctive bright yellow, oval to almost pear shaped small tomato presumably from China. Very rare.

Indian Moon A Navajo heirloom, medium size, uniform to irregular, very attractive golden color. We think by far the best tasting yellow-gold tomato out there, complex acid-sweet balance. If you are going to grow one gold tomato, this is it. And if you don't like yellow/orange tomatoes, eat this one. Rare.

Isis Candy Excellent flavored, yellow gold (bicolor) cherry tomato with red marbling, bears throughout the season. Indeterminate growth habit. Great right off the vine for snacks--real tomato candy-great for kids. Rare.

Japanese Trifele Eight ounce, almost pear shaped, mahogany and black with green shoulders, excellent taste, great look and good yields. One of the more interesting black tomatoes.
.

All of our IPK entries represent Italian tomatoes collected by several German expeditions to Italy. IPK is the German seed bank. Most of these varieties did not come with their traditional names, all of them are interesting, many with prolific yields.

Italy IPK T120 Medium sized oblong paste strong tomato flavor,low moisture, good sauce.

Italy IPK T912 Rounded long paste w/ small point on end slightly acidic

Italy IPK T955 4-6 oz. Very ruffled red fleshy thin walled low acid another very old traditional type.

Italy IPK T983 Large red plum

Italy IPK T985 Small square shouldered med-high acidic

Italy IPK T1118 Small oblong roma type tomato.Good uncooked flavor for paste tomato, makes a very good sauce

June Pink Beautiful pink rounded fruit with good mild taste, originated in New Jersey and commercially released in 1906. Rare.

King Humbert (King Umberto) Named for the king of Italy, one of the oldest named varieties of tomato still in existence, pre-1800. 2 oz. pear-shaped sweet red fruit, makes a very nice dried tomato. Rare. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Lambert’s General Grant also known as Dr. Neal. According to author William Woys Weaver "a gardener by the name of Lambert in Bellefonte, PA released the tomato in 1869 under the name General Grant" His name was added to it because another tomato already existed with the name General Grant. It was thought to be a cross or sport from variety known as Boston Market, now extinct. Its one of the best eating tomatoes, fairly large 12 ounces, rosy-pink, very meaty and very delicious. Highly recommended. A pleasure to grow and eat.

Landino di Panachia Red medium sized flat globe ruffled pleasant flavor 3-8 oz.

Limmony Gorgeous yellow Russian heirloom with excellent flavor. Beefsteak type 4-5 inches in diameter, with some irregular fruit, indeterminate growth. Rare to uncommon.


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Livingston Tomatoes
One of the greatest tomato seedsmen of the 19th century was Alexander Livingston from Reynoldsburg and later Columbus, Ohio. Livingston began experimenting with tomatoes in the 1840's but it wasn't until 1870 with the introduction of his Paragon tomato that he achieved success. For the next three decades the Livingston Seed Company introduced many great and some interesting varieties. Livingston transformed the tomato seed business, and thus the consumption of tomatoes, in America. In 1893 alone, Livingston sold 2-1/2 tons of his Beauty seed. Some canneries preferred certain of his varieties and would only utilize that type; so with each important introduction, a new variety might reign supreme--first Paragon, then Favorite, later Beauty. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of these Livingston varieties.

Dwarf Stone Introduced by Livingston in 1902. The fruit is larger than Dwarf Champion but slightly smaller than standard Stone. Very prolific, compact plants with sparse foliage, smooth fruit, ripens evenly.

Livingston's Beauty (Extra Select) Pink medium-size oblate fruit with good heirloom flavor. Introduced 1886. Very rare.

Livingston's Favorite A classic large red tomato with that good old-time taste, rare, introduced 1883 and always worth growing. Developed specifically for canning, but is just fine fresh. If you haven't grown it, you haven't lived. Very rare.

Livingston's Globe Relatively round rose-red with good taste and production. Very rare.

Livingston's Golden Queen A medium size tomato, yellow with a red blush at the base, released in 1882, good yields, mild but very good acid/sweet tomato taste. According to Livingston's Seed Annual of 1887, there is "No better for slicing or preserving..." Rare to very rare.

Livingston's Magnus A rare and excellent-flavored pink tomato with good yields of medium size fruit. We love them. Introduced by Livingston Seed Co. in 1900.$4.00

Livingston’s Main Crop Pink From the 1942 Livingston's Wholesale catalog, "Same type as our Beauty but the fruits average somewhat larger and are deeper.”

Livingston's Marvelous Another classic old-time tomato, good flavor, good yields. Very rare.

Lutescent (Livingston's Honor Bright) Old heirloom introduced by Livingston in 1897. Plants with unusual small to medium fruits that from ripen from pale green to white to yellow to orange to red. Plants are indeterminate with odd ruffled lime- green foliage. Rare.

Mankin Plum Heirloom from Northampton area of Massachusetts.
Oblong paste tomato, orange-red, very meaty, few seeds, mild sweet taste, best cooked. Very rare to endangered.

Market at Huachinango Puebla Mexico Pinkish red slightly flattened, small but not cherry, acidic, fruity undertones with unusual blue green foliage. Thick walled with excellent niche market potential. Another traditional Mexican variety. This is a great plant with lots of potential for small mixed packs.

Mary Robinson’s German Bi-color Large plant has large, beautiful looking yellow fruit with red shading and streaks in and out. Excellent taste and flavour. One of the better bicolors and holds up pretty well, Productive.

Maria Augustina Long, pointed, red paste-type tomato.
Highly productive, not bad fresh but better cooked, makes great sauce and dried tomatoes. From a local radio broadcaster's mother-in-law and from Italy before that. Endangered. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Matchless (Austin) A selection of the original Matchless which has better taste. Plants are relatively short with deep green rugose foliage. Fruits are red with very good taste. 1908 or earlier. Rare.

Matchless A very nice tomato, but not the original type, having some lobing.

Maule's Earliest of All Field 43 "The Greatest of All Early Tomatoes. Nor is its extreme earliness its only virtue, for it is of large size, good color and delicious flavor....Color is bright red..."-- from the 1912 Maule Seed Book. A bit of an exaggeration, but still worth trying. Very rare. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Maule's Success Another classic heirloom with good old-time taste, rare. Introduced 1912 or earlier. Rare.The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety. $4.00

Mexico City Mercado (Red) Thin walled pink, good flavor, ruffled, old Mexican type tomato good as tomato paste.

Mikado Deep pink-purple tomato, called Turner Hybrid by Burpee's, before 1888. Productive and tolerant of cool conditions. Plants are indeterminate with the potato leaf characteristic. Rare. Micado violettor

Mortgage Lifter A tomato farmer nicknamed Radiator Charlie facing bankruptcy selected a tomato that produced so well, he was able to sell one crop of fruit and pay off the mortgage. Mortgage Lifter certainly produces an abundance of 1-2 pound fruit.

Rare Moira A very small cherry, very prolific with good taste and soft dense ornamental foliage Very rare.

New Dwarf Stone

Newtown Italian Plum A large to huge oxheart type, pink, very meaty, few seeds, from a caretaker at the now closed Fairfield Hills, the state mental hospital in Newtown, CT. Endangered. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety. $4.50

Northampton Italian Plum A long, tapering red paste tomato, great for sauce or drying from Northampton, MA. Rare.

Oli Rose de St. Dominique A great, pink, oval-shaped tomato, medium size, prolific, with great sweet taste. Very distinctive shape and color. Collected by the Conservancy in a market in Arles, France. Seems to have better taste in less than ideal growing seasons. Rare.

Opalka Indeterminate. Very good, long (2 1/2" - 5") paste type fruit is meaty with few seeds and excellent tasate for a paste tomato. Blight resistant and productive. Beautiful - "carrot shaped " like long peppers. Originally from Poland.

Optimus Introduced in the 1880's. Round, relatively uniform, with heirloom taste. Rare.

Orange Banana One of the only orange, banana shaped tomatoes. Sweet flavored, oblong, very attractive, pointed paste type excellent for sauce and fantastic for drying. Indeterminate. Uncommon.

Paragon Excellent production of 6-10 oz. uniform, round, red, tomatoes borne in clusters, with excellent old-time taste. A great tomato. An historic L ivingston variety, introduced in 1870. This was one of the preeminent canning tomatoes in New Jersey. $4.00

Pear Shaped Red 1/2 oz. Pear shaped fruit, very productive and sprawling plants

Petite Pomme Blanche White cherry with yellow tint. Good flavor.

Pommodoro a Grapoli Large clusters of small plum shaped fruit with tiny point on blossom end. Very productive. Name translates as "Winter Grapes".

Pondersoa Pink Large, pink fleshy fruits, from 1870

Ponderosa Red Large, meaty fruits good taste. Large plants. Heavy producer. From 1891

Pink Ping Pong Indeterminate. 2" x 2" round, ping pong ball size, pink fruit with great flavour. Huge production.

Prudens Purple A large to very large purplish tomato, meaty with very few seeds and above average taste, similar to Brandywine. An heirloom considered to be one of the great rediscoveries in old tomatoes. Uncommon.

Purple Brandy An excellent tomato that is both sweet and tart, one of the best. Large, productive plants produce 10-16 oz. purple-pink fruits. Indeterminate plants exhibit the potato leaf trait. Uncommon to rare.

Purple Calabash A very old tomato type likely dating to the 1600's. Irregular shape ruffled with "catfacing," purplish brown skin, lots of seeds. Some people like them fresh, but not a slicing tomato. We think utilized best as a sauce. A real conversation piece. Uncommon.

Red Calabash An indeterminant plant bearing small red ruffled fruits with a thick skin but good taste. This variety may originally have come from the Chiapas State of Mexico. Rare to uncommon.

Redfield Beauty Another great heirloom, selected from Livingstons Beauty in 1885. Beautiful pink medium size rounded fruit with excellent full flavor. It is likely you will get off-types from our seed--select for the above. We are reselecting for purer form. Presently very limited seed. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety. $4.00

Regina's Bicolor A large bicolor and by far the best-tasting of the larger bicolors. Fruits are yellow and red inside and out, with good texture. Late season. Rare.

Rose de Berne From France. (Swiss) Beautiful quality, looks and taste. Pink, round and uniform. Simply excellent. Suitable for commercial culture. We discovered it in a market in Arles, France from a farmer growing a number of old tomato varieties and introduced it to this country. It has hence been picked up by Shepherd's. Uncommon.

Russian

Sara Black A very tasty green-black medium sized tomato. This heirloom and the next two originated in Germany. Indeterminate. Rare.

Sara Pink Cherry A large pink cherry, nice taste, not as productive as the next. Rare.

Sarah Goldstar Cherry A super sweet cherry tomato. Fruits are yellow with a slight red blush, very productive. Like Sara Black, this tomato is of German origin. Indeterminate. Rare to uncommon.

Shah (Mikado) Indeterminate. 8 - 12 oz. white fruit with yellow tint has good sweet flavour. Very productive. Introduced about 1886- 1887. While white types are not our favorites they do make a nice mild sauce excellent with fish, and of course stand-out against more vivid tomato slices.

Stupice A Czechoslovakian variety that bears very early, red 2.5 inch diameter fruits in great profusion. Indeterminate plants with the potato leaf trait. Uncommon.

Super Sioux An indeterminant medium sized plant with a high yield of good sized beefsteak-type fruits. Supposed to yield well under hot, dry conditions. Rare. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Ten Fingers of Naples Red long/thin flat paste tomato thick skinned a good taste fresh, nice balance of flavors from Peace Seeds

The Landreth An old variety for which we have no available research at the moment. Red, productive, good old time taste. Very rare.

Tomalillo Very small red cherry, productive with very good taste. Very rare.

Tomalillo (green) A very small light green cherry tomato subject to cracking if not picked early, good flavor, unique and very rare, great for garnishes. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Trophy One of the first round, well relatively round, tomatoes Introduced
Commercially in 1870 by Colonel George Waring of New port, RI and developed by Dr Hand of Baltimore, MD. Waring sold the seeds for $5 a packet so our price of $20 is really a bargain. (sorry just kidding) This tomato really got the commercial production of fresh and canned tomatoes going and essentially began the widespread development of non-lobed rounder varieties. Red fruit about 6 ounces, oblate, with fairly good taste.

Trucker's Favorite One of the truly outstanding heirlooms. Introduced around 1912, pink uniform globes, delicious taste, good yields. If you haven't tried it, you must. Very rare to rare. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Turkish Striped Monastery We collected this in a monastery garden outside of Istanbul. The priest told us it was "nothing special," but we think it the best-tasting striped tomato around, having compared it with Mr. Stripey, Tigerella and the rest. Small 2 inch red fruits with golden stripes, borne on indeterminate plants which bear for a long time and in great profusion. Very rare to endangered. The Eastern Native Seed Conservancy is working to ensure the future of this variety.

Valle Nacional Oaxaca Slightly sweet flesh with acidic undertones, large round red cherry , thick walled. traditional Mexican variety

Veracruz LA 1218 Small yellow cherry great flavor, excellent market potential, an unknown traditional Mexican variety, try these they are really great.

White Beauty An ivory white 8 oz. tomato, flesh is almost pure white. Very good flavor, tolerates shade, heat and humidity, introduced in the 1920's. Semi-indeterminate. Rare.

Winsall (Wins All) Large pink fruit, slightly flattened, with excellent flavor from the Henderson Seed Company in NY/NJ, an improved form of Ponderosa, introduced in the 1920's. Rare.

Winsted Oxheart A pink oxheart tomato from Winsted, CT, dating from the first half of the 20th century. Fairly productive, meaty, and tasty. Endangered. $4.00

Wapsinicon Peach 2" peach-shaped, fuzzy, light yellow fruit is very sweet. Great flavour. Good yield. Similar to “Garden Peach”

White Queen Large, ribbed, slightly irregular tomato that is creamy white in color, full in flavor

Yellow Stuffer Hollow lobed yellow fruit, closely resembling peppers, bears well, good for stuffing, and you can fool your friends into believing they're peppers. You may even get some red ones! Uncommon to common.

Yucutan Red Flattened shouldered acidic/fruity

Zapotec Pink Pleated Originally from the Zapotec people of Oaxaca, Mexico. Sweet, mild, fruits are large and pink with ruffles. They can be stuffed and baked or delicious served sliced. About 1/2 lb each or more. Yields are prolific.


Watermelon

For seed saving you can only grow one variety of watermelon within a garden without hand pollination.

Moon and Stars, Cherokee. 5 to 15 lbs, although bigger in hot climates. A beautiful long dark green melon with the classic medium yellow stars speckled around the melon combined with the occasional round moon patches. Good taste but low seed yields hence the price. No apologies there. Possibly a Cherokee connection but we cannot be sure. $5.00

Russian A great red fleshed watermelon, oblong, five to twelve pounds, great eating, very prolific and reasonably early by northern standards. From Russia

Schlecter Oblong green with pale stripes, 3-8 lbs. red flesh seedy but very good, old type from a fellow in South Dakota who got it from a neighbor;"brought to America by Hutterites from the Crimea in Russia...from an elderly Hutterisch Mennonite who had raised it all her life". Good yields a nice old variety.

Shining Light A beautiful deep green rounded variety bearing small melons, two to five pounds, of excellent flavor good keeping qualities. Just cracked some open before Christmas. Yum! Great for cold climates. From Russia.

Will's Sugar Introduced by Oscar Will, seedsman from North Dakota, around the 20s and 30's, nice ice box type, round, fairly early and prolific, sweet 3-7 lbs does not keep very long but well worth growing for northern climates


           Seed packets are 3.00 each unless otherwise noted

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EASTERN NATIVE SEED CONSERVANCY
P.O. Box 451
Great Barrington, Massachusetts 01230
413.229.8316
natseeds@aol.com